7-4 Project Part Two: Speaking Notes Draft

Speaking Notes for a slide show 

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  • SCI 200 Project Part Two: Speaking Notes Draft Guidelines and Rubric
  • Overview: An effective presentation includes a summary of the main points in the slides, but the presenter should add additional content in the speaker notes to
    help explain each point. Some presenters have the the ability to memorize the details through cues in the outline of the presentation, and some can even speak
    off the cuff. However, for this project, you will create speaker notes for the slides in your presentation, which is due in Module Eight. This will help you consider
    the outline of your presentation and the content you want to include on each slide.

    Prompt: For this assignment, you will be drafting the speaker notes that will accompany your 5- to 7-slide presentation. The speaker notes can be bullet points
    related to each item on the slides, or more developed paragraphs that help you fill in the details you wouldn’t include on the slides. This choice is up to you, but
    either way, the speaker notes should contain substantial details that address each of the required parts of your presentation.

    Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:

    I. Provide a brief overview of the scientific background of your issue and question. How does the issue relate to the natural sciences?
    II. Explain how the issue impacts the audience. In other words, how is the issue relevant to members of the audience? Why should the audience care about

    the response to your question or the outcome of your hypothesis? Support your response with specific examples from your research investigation.
    III. Describe the empirical evidence you have to support your conclusions about the impact of the issue on you personally and on your audience. Support

    your response with specific examples from your research investigation.
    IV. Explain why this issue is important to you personally. In other words, why did you select this issue to investigate?
    V. Illustrate how your investigation of the issue impacted the way you thought about the issue. In other words, how did thinking like a scientist to research,

    develop a question, and formulate a hypothesis affect what you thought about the issue you selected? How did scientific thinking change the lens
    through which you viewed the issue? Support your response with specific examples from your research investigation.

    VI. Communicate your message in a way that is tailored to your specific audience. For instance, you could consider your vocabulary, your audience’s
    potential knowledge of current natural science (or lack thereof), and what is specifically important to the audience. This element will not necessarily be a
    separate slide or step in the process. In your notes that address the previous six prompts, note word choices or pieces that are specifically tailored for
    your audience.

    Rubric
    Guidelines for Submission: The draft of your speaker notes can be bullet points or paragraphs related to each item on the slides. Submissions should be 2–4
    pages, double spaced, with 12-point Times New Roman font and one-inch margins. You should use current APA guidelines (or another format approved by your
    instructor) for any references. For your final project, please keep in mind that these speaker notes will accompany 5–7 slides.

    Critical Elements Proficient (100%) Needs Improvement (75%) Not Evident (0%) Value

    Scientific Background Provides brief overview of scientific
    background of issue and question, and
    explains how issue relates to natural
    sciences

    Provides brief overview of scientific
    background of issue and question, and
    explains how issue relates to natural
    sciences, but with gaps in detail or clarity

    Does not provide brief overview of
    scientific background of issue and
    question, and does not explain how
    issue relates to natural sciences

    15.8

    Critical Elements Proficient (100%) Needs Improvement (75%) Not Evident (0%) Value

    Audience Explains how issue impacts audience,
    supporting response with examples
    from research investigation

    Explains how issue impacts audience but
    with gaps in clarity, detail, or support

    Does not explain how issue impacts
    audience

    15.8

    Empirical Evidence Describes empirical evidence that
    supports conclusions about impact of
    issues on self and audience, supporting
    response with examples from research
    investigation

    Describes empirical evidence that
    supports conclusions about impact of
    issues on self and audience, but with gaps
    in clarity, detail, or support

    Does not describe empirical evidence
    that supports conclusions about impact
    of issues on self and audience

    15.8

    Personally Explains why issue is important
    personally

    Explains why issue is important personally
    but with gaps in clarity or detail

    Does not explain why issue is important
    personally

    15.8

    Investigation Illustrates how investigation of issue
    impacted thinking on the issue,
    supporting response with examples
    from research investigation

    Illustrates how investigation of issue
    impacted thinking on the issue but with
    gaps in clarity, detail, or support

    Does not illustrate how investigation of
    issue impacted thinking on the issue

    15.8

    Message Communicates message effectively in a
    way that is tailored to specific audience

    Communicates message to audience, but
    communication is not effective or is not
    tailored to specific audience

    Does not communicate message to
    audience

    15.8

    Articulation of Response Submission has no major errors related
    to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax,
    or organization

    Submission has major errors related to
    citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or
    organization that negatively impact
    readability and articulation of main ideas

    Submission has critical errors related to
    citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or
    organization that prevent understanding
    of ideas

    5.2

    Total 100%

      SCI 200 Project Part Two: Speaking Notes Draft Guidelines and Rubric
      Rubric

    SCI 200 Project Part One: Second Draft

    Jennifer Moore

    Applied Natural Science

    SCI-200

    Professor James Rogers

    August 7, 2022

    SCI 200 Project Part One: Second Draft

    Introduction

    Genetically modified foods (GMOs) are relatively new forms of plant or food propagation in the field of agriculture. As a new science, GMO production is full of conflicting viewpoints regarding its implications to human health. First, it is ideal to understand that GMOs have primarily played a great role in food security. Genetic modification has enhanced the productivity, as well as the ability for these products to survive harsh environmental conditions. GM foods also have a longer shelf-life. Consequently, they have enhanced food sufficiency and curbed malnutrition. However, the world is facing an unprecedented crisis characterized by a surge in lifestyle diseases. Therefore, there are areas that scientists can draw a line on whether the foods are safe for consumption or not. Less data is available to indicate whether or not GMOs have adverse impacts on human health. According to Hilbeck et al., (2015), there is not scientific consensus on the safety of GMOs. On the other hand Bian et al (2021) there is insufficient information linking GMOs to lifestyle diseases. Even though these sources dispute the negative implications of GMO foods, Zhang et al., (2016) posits that GMOs can cause health problems such as allergies and poisoning although the information available is insufficient to point out the negative impacts of GMOs on human health. The specific question to ask is; could these diseases be as a result of the rise in consumption of GMOs?

    Audience

    GMO is an issue of concern among different populations including children, teenagers, youths and adults. Professionally, physicians are the primary audience that the study of GMOs and their impacts on human healthy should be directed to. Physicians would be most interested since they handle patients who present different problems in hospital facilities each day. As such, they can observe the different symptoms presented by the patients, as well as check the medical history of their patients, and ask some life style questions so as to piece together the impact of GMOs on human health. Studies indicate that poor product labelling and the lack of sufficient funding has hampered researchers from analyzing the health implications of GMO consumption. Therefore, using this approach where physicians conduct research from the patient log, we are able to save on cost as well acquire more reliable information on the safety of GMOs.

    Moreover, this message is suitable for physicians because it highlights the background of the problem of study, the challenges of conducting credible scientific, and the importance of involving physicians in this study. Since physicians interact with all manner of patients, and since they are learned people who rely on science in the delivery of their services, it will be very easy for them to understand scientific terminologies. Thus, by using relevant statistics, and scientific terminologies to package this message, the relevant audience will easily understand the issue of GMO and how it impacts human health.

    According to the article “No Scientific Consensus on GMO Safety” by Hilbeck et al., 2015, research on the health implications of GMO products has been hampered by so many factors. Due to insufficient research occasioned by funding constraints, some inconclusive recommendations have been made purporting that GMOs are safe for consumption; an idea heavily contested in the article. More so, in the article “Genetically engineered crops: experience and prospects” by Bian posits that, there is no sufficient evidence to link GMOs to lifestyle diseases. This is because it is difficult to model diseases occurrence from the consumption of a certain food. Moreover, conducting experiments on metabolites of GM plants is such a daunting task, and no conclusive evidence can be gathered. However, it is safe to say that GM plants have decreased diseases due to limiting the use of herbicides which pose dangers to human beings.

    According to the article, “Genetically modified foods: A critical review of their promise and problems” by Zhang et al., (2016) the authors imbues that GMO foods result in health problems such as genetic hazards, allergies, and poisoning. However, the article also acknowledges the fact that it is difficult to confirm some concerns as there is insufficient research on the safety of GMOs. From the three sources discussed, it is evident that they all acknowledge that research on the safety of GMO products is inconclusive and no assumptions should be made, hence the need to observe precautionary principles. Nevertheless, these resources significantly highlights the strides that have been made in refuting or affirming the safety of GMO products, and the challenges to this effect.

    Principle

    Gene manipulation is the main reason why GMOs are dangerous to human health. Manipulating of genes results in an interruption in the normal functioning of cells. Consequently, in order for the system to cope with the foreign gene, some mutations and readjustments take place. The consequences of gene expression are the potential development or aggravation of lifestyle diseases such as allergy, such as was experienced with star link maize (Zhang et al., 2016). Therefore, to identify and document similar connections of GMOs to ill-health, more research has to be conducted on various products and how they interrupt normal body functioning (Bian, 2021). This could be possible and more convenient if done from all health facilities by physicians and other medical professionals.

    Conclusion

    GMOs promote lifestyle diseases by altering the genetic constitution of organisms. To ensure credible and well researched evidence to support the hypothesis, more research has to be conducted on the response of the human body and plant to genetic modification. The variabilities that result due to endogenic modifications and the resistance that is developed to bacteria and other drugs should be modelled and extrapolated to reflect the potential health implications on the human genetic composition (Zhang et al., 2016). To clear the anxiety and baseless assumptions harbored by the public, it is vital that conclusive research is conducted and published for public use.

    References

    Bian, D. D. Y. X. K. J. G. G. Z. M. Q. I. F. A. Y. I. (2021). Genetically engineered crops: experience and prospects (Chinese Edition). Science Press.

    Hilbeck, A., Binimelis, R., Defarge, N., Steinbrecher, R., Székács, A., Wickson, F., Antoniou, M., Bereano, P. L., Clark, E. A., Hansen, M., Novotny, E., Heinemann, J., Meyer, H., Shiva, V., & Wynne, B. (2015). No scientific consensus on GMO safety. Environmental Sciences Europe, 27(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12302-014-0034-1

    Zhang, C., Wohlhueter, R., & Zhang, H. (2016). Genetically modified foods: A critical review of their promise and problems. Food Science and Human Wellness, 5(3), 116–123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fshw.2016.04.002

    8/19/22, 10:48 AM Feedback for 7-4 Project Part Two: Speaking Notes Draft – SCI-200-R6528 Applied Natural Sciences 22EW6 – Southern New Ha…

    https://learn.snhu.edu/d2l/lms/dropbox/user/folder_user_view_feedback.d2l?db=1858385&grpid=0&isprv=0&bp=0&ou=1111100 1/5

    SCI 200 Project Part Two Draft of Speaker Notes Rubric
    Activity: 7-4 Project Part Two: Speaking Notes Draft

    Course: SCI-200-R6528 Applied Natural Sciences 22EW6

    Name: Jennifer Moore

    Criteria Proficient Needs Improvement Not Evident Criterion Score

    Scientific

    Background

    0 / 15.8

    Criterion Feedback

    This assignment gave you a chance to prepare content for a presentation through speaking

    notes. In a live presentation, a speaker would use their prepared notes to guide their slideshow.

    Your submission does not provide an overview of the scientific background of the

    issue

    and

    question, and does not explain how the issue relates to the natural sciences. Did you run into

    trouble completing the speaking notes? Please get in touch with me so I can help. It is

    important that you establish your overview now so you can plan to transition from these notes

    to your presentation in Module Eight. You will need to move your speaking notes into the

    appropriate Notes sections of the slides. Then you will update the slides to include headings,

    images, and bullet points that would appeal to and impact your

    audience

    .

    Audience
    0 / 15.8

    15.8 points

    Provides brief

    overview of

    scientific

    background of

    issue and

    question, and

    explains how

    issue relates to

    natural

    sciences

    11.85 points

    Provides brief
    overview of
    scientific
    background of
    issue and
    question, and
    explains how
    issue relates to

    natural sciences,

    but

    with gaps in

    detail or clarity

    0 points

    Does not provide

    brief overview of

    scientific
    background of
    issue and
    question, and

    does not explain

    how issue relates

    to natural

    sciences
    15.8 points

    Explains how

    issue impacts

    audience,

    supporting

    response with

    examples from

    research

    investigation

    11.85 points
    Explains how
    issue impacts

    audience but with

    gaps in clarity,

    detail, or

    support

    0 points

    Does not explain

    how issue

    impacts audience

    8/19/22, 10:48 AM Feedback for 7-4 Project Part Two: Speaking Notes Draft – SCI-200-R6528 Applied Natural Sciences 22EW6 – Southern New Ha…

    https://learn.snhu.edu/d2l/lms/dropbox/user/folder_user_view_feedback.d2l?db=1858385&grpid=0&isprv=0&bp=0&ou=1111100 2/5

    Criteria Proficient Needs Improvement Not Evident Criterion Score
    Criterion Feedback

    Your submission does not explain how your issue impacts your selected audience. If you are

    having any difficulty working to describe how your issue impacts your audience, contact me

    right away so I can assist you. To get started, take some time to look through your planning

    document and find some examples of how your issue could impact your audience. Think about

    how you can boil this down to the most compelling details that show a sophisticated

    understanding of this relationship between your issue and your selected audience. Here is

    where you can use your creative thinking skills and infer how these two different things are

    interrelated. For example, how is the issue relevant to members of your audience? Why should

    they care about the response to your question or the outcome of your hypothesis? Check out

    the examples related to the Deepwater Horizon spill in section 7.2 in Soomo to see one helpful

    way of going about this, and let me know if I can help.

    Empirical

    Evidence

    0 / 15.8
    Criterion Feedback

    Your speaking notes do not describe any empirical evidence that supports your

    conclusions

    about the issue or the impact of the issue on yourself and your audience. Let me know if I can

    answer any questions to help you get back on track and be prepared for the presentation. To

    get started, return to your planning document and the evidence you shared from your research

    to implement examples that support your discussion of evidence. For example, consider

    evidence that has led you to draw conclusions about the impact of your issue on you and your

    audience. You might also consider how you can clearly present the information from your

    sources to show you have a strong understanding of how to use empirical evidence in drawing

    conclusions about the impact of contemporary scientific issues. In addition, remember to plan

    for how your presentation slides (for example, in the headings, bullets, or images) target your

    audience, offering tailored details that apply to their experiences and interests. Again, please

    reach out if I can assist you or clarify any of these concepts.

    15.8 points

    Describes

    empirical

    evidence that

    supports

    conclusions about

    impact of issues

    on self and

    audience,
    supporting
    response with
    examples from
    research
    investigation
    11.85 points
    Describes
    empirical
    evidence that
    supports
    conclusions about
    impact of issues
    on self and

    audience, but

    with gaps in

    clarity, detail, or

    support
    0 points

    Does not

    describe

    empirical
    evidence that
    supports
    conclusions

    about impact of

    issues on self and

    audience

    8/19/22, 10:48 AM Feedback for 7-4 Project Part Two: Speaking Notes Draft – SCI-200-R6528 Applied Natural Sciences 22EW6 – Southern New Ha…

    https://learn.snhu.edu/d2l/lms/dropbox/user/folder_user_view_feedback.d2l?db=1858385&grpid=0&isprv=0&bp=0&ou=1111100 3/5

    Criteria Proficient Needs Improvement Not Evident Criterion Score

    Personally
    0 / 15.8

    Criterion Feedback

    Your speaking notes do not explain why your chosen issue is important to you personally. Did

    you run into any obstacles completing this section? Please reach out if I can answer any

    questions or provide clarification on this critical element so that you are prepared to move

    forward successfully in the presentation in Module Eight. To get started, consider why the issue

    you chose is important to you personally and what it means to you, with specific examples to

    support your response. Think about experiences you have had, your values, or things that are

    meaningful to you that are related to your issue. Share details that make this connection clear

    for your audience. Developing an understanding of how our personal values relate to different

    disciplines (like science) or our local or global communities can help us to see beyond our

    current knowledge. This is part of the lifelong learning process. Notice that the Horizon

    Deepwater spill article from 7.2.1 in Soomo highlights specific impacts of the spill that would

    be important to people, such as the loss of tourism dollars and loss of animal life in the area.

    This is part of the “Message” critical element, too, where students consider their audience in

    every section. Keep this in mind moving forward.

    Investigation
    0 / 15.8

    15.8 points

    Explains why

    issue is

    important

    personally

    11.85 points
    Explains why
    issue is important

    personally but

    with gaps in

    clarity or detail

    0 points
    Does not explain

    why issue is

    important
    personally
    15.8 points

    Illustrates how

    investigation of

    issue impacted

    thinking on the

    issue, supporting

    response with
    examples from
    research
    investigation
    11.85 points
    Illustrates how
    investigation of
    issue impacted
    thinking on the

    issue but with

    gaps in clarity,

    detail, or support

    0 points
    Does not

    illustrate how

    investigation of
    issue impacted
    thinking on the
    issue

    8/19/22, 10:48 AM Feedback for 7-4 Project Part Two: Speaking Notes Draft – SCI-200-R6528 Applied Natural Sciences 22EW6 – Southern New Ha…

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    Criteria Proficient Needs Improvement Not Evident Criterion Score
    Criterion Feedback

    This critical element presented students with an opportunity to consider why studying science

    and thinking like a scientist to research, develop a question, and formulate a hypothesis affect

    what they think about their selected issue and how scientific thinking changes the lens through

    which students viewed their issue. Your speaking notes do not illustrate how the investigation

    of the issue impacted your thinking on the issue. If you ran into any problems completing this

    section, please let me know how I can help or clarify these concepts. To improve your work and

    prepare for the presentation in Module Eight, expand your

    ideas

    here to illustrate how your

    investigation of your issue impacts the way you think about your issue, leveraging ideas you

    have learned through your research to demonstrate that you can apply scientific thinking in

    investigating contemporary science issues. Please let me know if I can answer any questions as

    you prepare for your presentation.

    Message
    0 / 15.8

    Criterion Feedback

    Your speaking notes do not communicate your message to any particular audience. If you need

    some suggestions on how to tailor your message for your target audience, please get in touch

    with me quickly so I can assist you in planning for the presentation in Module Eight. Your

    speaking notes and presentation should be written and organized for a particular audience.

    Ways to approach this include considering your vocabulary, your audience’s potential

    knowledge of current natural science (or lack thereof), and what is specifically important to the

    audience. Let me know if I can help.

    Articulation of

    Response

    0 / 5.2

    15.8 points

    Communicates

    message

    effectively in a

    way that is

    tailored to

    specific audience

    11.85 points
    Communicates

    message to

    audience, but

    communication is

    not effective or is

    not tailored to

    specific audience
    0 points
    Does not

    communicate

    message to
    audience

    5.2 points

    Submission has

    no

    major errors

    related to

    citations,

    grammar, spelling,

    syntax, or

    organization

    3.9 points

    Submission has
    major errors
    related to
    citations,
    grammar, spelling,
    syntax, or

    organization that

    negatively impact

    readability and

    articulation of

    main ideas

    0 points
    Submission has

    critical errors

    related to
    citations,

    grammar,

    spelling, syntax,

    or organization

    that prevent

    understanding of

    ideas

    8/19/22, 10:48 AM Feedback for 7-4 Project Part Two: Speaking Notes Draft – SCI-200-R6528 Applied Natural Sciences 22EW6 – Southern New Ha…

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    Total 0 / 100

    Overall Score

    Criteria Proficient Needs Improvement Not Evident Criterion Score
    Criterion Feedback

    Your submission has critical errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or

    organization that prevent understanding of your ideas. We have some terrific resources here at

    SNHU to assist you. For example, SNHU offers academic support through professional coaches

    and peer tutors and even 24-7 on-demand help. You can access the services in the links under

    Module Eight in the Content area of this course. Let me know if you have any questions about

    these services.

    Proficient
    Instructors should not modify this row

    (it will automate from the scores

    above). This score represents the
    average evaluation across all rubric

    criteria.

    Needs Improvement
    Instructors should not modify this row

    (it will automate from the scores
    above). This score represents the
    average evaluation across all rubric
    criteria.

    Not Evident
    Instructors should not modify this row

    (it will automate from the scores
    above). This score represents the
    average evaluation across all rubric
    criteria.

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