Assessment 5 Instructions: Deferred Assets and Liabilities

 

  • Complete a four-part assessment in which you will compute values, prepare journal entries, and provide written explanations.
    Introduction
    Note: An accounting cycle requires specific steps that need to be executed in a sequence. The assessments in this course are presented in sequence and must be completed in order.
    Companies must present financial information to the investment community that provides a clear picture of present and potential tax obligations and tax benefits.
    Companies spend a considerable amount of time and effort to minimize their income tax payments—and with good reason. Income taxes are major costs of doing business for most business organizations, regardless of the form of ownership.
    Leasing of an asset has been around for many years, especially in the private sector. Individuals have utilized this form of asset acquisition for the purchase of realty, personal property, and even services. It has allowed them to acquire assets for little or no money down, use the asset for a determinable period of time, and then simply return the asset and terminate the lease agreement.
    Today, leasing of capital assets is the fastest growing form of capital investment for corporations. It allows businesses to acquire large high-dollar assets with little or no responsibility for their maintenance and allows them to trade those assets in for newer models at the end of the lease. Consequently, accounting procedures for handling these transactions has undergone significant change over the last 25 years.
    Preparation

    Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
    Assessment 5 Instructions: Deferred Assets and Liabilities
    Just from $13/Page
    Order Essay

    Assessment 5 Data Sheet [DOC].
    Assessment 5 Template [DOC].
    Overview
    Note: Do not proceed with this assessment until you have reviewed faculty feedback on Assessment 4.
    This assessment has four parts. The Assessment 5 Data Sheet contains the necessary information for all four parts. Record your answers in the Assessment 5 Template. Submit the completed template for this assessment. Both documents are linked in the Resources under the Required Resources heading.
    Imagine your boss has handed you four client files to complete by end of day. However, several of the clients require written explanations of your reasoning.
    Part 1: Temporary Differences
    Use the information for Part 1 in the Assessment 5 Data Sheet to complete the following:
    Prepare the journal entry to record income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and income tax payable for 2016, 2017, and 2018.
    Indicate how deferred taxes will be reported on the 2018 balance sheet, assuming there were no temporary differences prior to 2016. Sharp’s product warranty is for 12 months.
    Explain your reasoning. Use the blank area in the template following the journal entries to make your notes.
    Prepare the income tax expense section of the income statement for 2018, beginning with the line “Pretax financial income.”
    Where appropriate, show all calculations leading to the final solution.
    Part 2: Carryback and Carryforward
    Use the information in Part 2 of the Assessment 5 Data Sheet to complete the following:
    Prepare the journal entries for the years 2015-2019 to record income tax expense and the effects of the net operating loss carrybacks and carryforwards assuming Bryan Clark Company uses the carryback provision.

    All income and losses relate to normal operations. (In recording the benefits of a loss carryforward, assume that no valuation account is deemed necessary.)

    Where appropriate, show all calculations leading to the final solution.
    Part 3: Lessee Entries: Capital Lease
    Use the information in Part 3 of the Assessment 5 Data Sheet to complete the following:
    Identify and explain the type of lease. Use the blank area in the template following the journal entries to make your notes.
    Compute the present value of the minimum lease payments.
    Prepare all necessary journal entries for Southern for this lease through January 1, 2019.
    Where appropriate, show all calculations leading to the final solution.
    Part 4: Lessee-Lessor Entries: Sales-Type Lease
    Use the information in Part 4 of the Assessment 5 Data Sheet to complete the following:
    Discuss the nature of this lease to Capital and Hinton. Use the blank area in the template following the journal entries to make your notes.
    Calculate the amount of the annual rental payment.
    Prepare all the necessary journal entries for Hinton for 2018.
    Prepare all the necessary journal entries for Capital for 2018.
    Where appropriate, show all calculations leading to the final solution.
    Competencies Measured
    By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:
    Competency 1: Define financial accounting conventions to support practice as a professional in the field.

    Apply tax rates to temporary differences.
    Analyze carryback and carryforward issues.

    Competency 3: Evaluate economic resources for an enterprise.

    Apply procedures for a capital lease.
    Apply procedures for a sales-type lease.

Assessment 5 Data Sheet

Part

1

: Temporary Differences

Sharp Company has two temporary differences between its income tax expense and income taxes payable. The information is shown below.

2

018

2019

2020

Pretax financial income

$462,000

$500,500

$519,750

Excess depreciation expense on tax return

(16,500)

(22,000)

(

5,500

)

Excess warranty expense in financial income

11,000

5,500

4,400

Taxable income

$456,000

$484,000

$518,650

The income tax rate for all years is 40%.

Part 2: Carryback and Carryforward

The pretax financial income (or loss) figures for Bryan Clark Company are as follows.

2019

2020

2016

$ 88,000

2017

137,500

2018

44,000

(88,000)

(191,900)

2021

66,000

2022

55,000

Pretax financial income (or loss) and taxable income (loss) were the same for all years involved. Assume a 45% tax rate for 2016 and 2017 and a 25% tax rate for the remaining years.

Part 3: Lessee Entries: Capital Lease

On January 1, 2018, Southern, Inc. signed a 10-year non-cancelable lease for a machine. The terms of the lease called for Southern to make annual payments of $17,240 at the beginning of each year, starting January 1, 2018. The machine has an estimated useful life of 12 years.

The machine reverts back to the lessor at the end of the lease term. Southern uses the straight-line method of depreciation for all of its plant assets. Southern’s incremental borrowing rate is 4%, and the Lessor’s implicit rate is unknown.

Part 4: Lessee-Lessor Entries: Sales-Type Lease

On January 1, 2018, Capital Corp. leased equipment to Hinton Corporation. The following information pertains to this lease.

1. The term of the noncancelable lease is 12 years, with no renewal option. The equipment reverts to the lessor at the termination of the lease.

2. Equal rental payments are due on January 1 of each year, beginning in 2018.

3. The fair value of the equipment on January 1, 2018, is $247,500, and its cost is $198,000.

4. The equipment has an economic life of 16 years. Hinton depreciates all of its equipment on a straight-line basis.

5. Capital set the annual rental to ensure a 6% rate of return. Hinton’s incremental borrowing rate is 4%, and the implicit rate of the lessor is unknown.

6. Collectability of lease payments is reasonably predictable, and no important uncertainties surround the amount of costs yet to be incurred by the lessor.

1
2

Assessment 5

Part

1

: Temporary Differences

Date

Account Title

Debit

Credit

Explanation:

Part 2: Carryback and Carryforward

Date

Account Title

Debit

Credit

Part 3: Lessee Entries: Capital Lease

Date

Account Title

Debit

Credit

Explanation:

Part 4: Lessee-Lessor Entries: Sales-Type Lease

Date

Account Title

Debit

Credit

Explanation:

1

Achiever Essays
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Reviews

Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.

Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code RESEARCH