CMNS 3160 Thompson Rivers University Representations of Indigenous Peoples on Instagram Paper

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Janet Gretzky under fire for ‘Aboriginal’ headdress photo

“It’s Terrible”: Khloe Slammed By Native American Council For Headdress

DEPARTMENT OF JOURNALISM, COMMUNICATION & NEW MEDIA
CMNS 3160-01: Media, Entertainment & Popular Culture— Indigenous Representations in Media,
Entertainment, and Popular Culture
ESSAY ASSIGNMENT
DEFINTION
An essay is often defined as a short piece of writing on a subject. Common essays in English literature
courses include compare/contrast, persuasive, critical, and literary.
PURPOSE
The purpose in any essay is to ask the student to take some sort of stand toward a piece of material
or, in this case, a topic and essentially argue and analyze while normally utilizing facts, logic, and
verbatim quotations within the framework of a closed-essay format (see below for a definition).
The idea is this type of labour/work creates the ability to think profoundly, to think critically,
to think fully and with the ability to remove yourself (as much as that is possible) from consideration.
DIRECTIONS
• A closed form essay (meaning your thesis should be explicitly stated in the introduction; all
parts of the essay are linked clearly to the thesis; topic sentences in every paragraph;
transitions between them; guide your reader throughout with a clear structure; your essay
should contain hard evidence—concrete examples from the text and your research materials
should you rely upon any outside sources).
• 3 to 4 pages not including your Works Cited or Bibliography page (on a separate page to the
rest of the paper).
• Use MLA or another documenting system or style that you are familiar with and wish to use
(within Humanities).
• Include a Works Cited at the end of your assignment.
• Your paper must include verbatim (word-for-word) quotations from the material(s) that you
are analyzing without exception; if your paper does not include verbatim quotations, you will
receive a grade of F for not having meant the standards of the assignment.
• Your analysis or topic is solely up to your own discretion. For example, you may choose to
write your paper on symbols, character, comparison of symbols, comparison of characters,
etc.
TOPICS
1. Representations of Indigenous Peoples in Contemporary American Film—remember to be
specific—you cannot possibly address this topic fully in an essay around 4 pages. Consider
analyzing the representation of Johnny Depp’s Tonto, Taylor Lautner’s depiction of Jacob
Black, Tinsel Korey’s depiction of Emily Young
2. Representations of Indigenous Peoples on Instagram—as above, you need to narrow this to
three images, such as Khloe Kardashian, Coachella’s headdress wearing attendees, Ricky
Page 1 of 2
Martin wearing an Indigenous headdress, Alessandra Ambrosio, Janet Gretzky’s photo on
Instagram of her daughter and her daughter’s friends’ headdress attire, and etc.
3. Representations of Indigenous Peoples within social media—again, this is a broad topic that
must be narrowed down—considered analyzing three instances, such as the California Math
Teacher that was suspended after she performed Sohcahtoa (a mnemonic device to
remember trigonometric functions) Dance, Joseph Boyden (you could, quite honestly, write
your entire paper on Boyden and his controversy) if you wanted to just look at the twitter
backlash #boydentriesit as part of your essay that may work, mascots (again, you could write
your entire paper on mascots or just a section).
4. Representations of Indigenous Peoples in popular culture—again you will need to narrow
this topic. You might consider an entire paper on Joseph Boyden and his controversy (or a
portion), you could consider historical representations from the early days of television (the
first Tonto from 1950s American tv), you could consider Adam Sandler’s questionable film
The Ridiculous Six, and so on.
Page 2 of 2
CMNS 3160: INDIGENOUS
REPRESENTATION IN MEIDA,
ENTERTAINMENT, & POPULAR CULTURE
• LAST FEW WEEKS (REMOTE)
• Review your upcoming Quotation
Assignment
• CBC Podcast
• Quotation Assignment (15%) due
by Sunday 27 march by 2100 (9PM)
• Informal Writing Assignment
should be completed in the next
week or so, and remember that
your Informal Writing Portfolio is
due by Sunday 3 April by 2100
(9PM) | Valued at 15%
• THIS WEEK
• Discuss your upcoming essay
assignment
• Remember your informal writing
portfolio is due 3 April by 2100
(9PM) no extensions are
permissible for this assignment
NEXT WEEK
(REMOTE)
Research Essay Assignment is
due 14 April 2100 (9PM) | 30%
QUESTIONS
RESEARCH
ESSAY
ASSIGNMENT
DEFINITION & PURPOSE

DEFINTION
• An essay is often defined as a short
piece of writing on a subject.
Common essays in English
literature courses include
compare/contrast, persuasive,
critical, and literary.
• PURPOSE
• The purpose in any essay is to ask
the student to take some sort of
stand toward a piece of material
or, in this case, a topic and
essentially argue and analyze while
normally utilizing facts, logic, and
verbatim quotations within the
framework of a closed-essay
format (see below for a definition).
• The idea is this type of
labour/work creates the ability to
think profoundly, to think critically,
to think fully and with the ability to
remove yourself (as much as that is
possible) from consideration.

A closed form essay (meaning your thesis should be
explicitly stated in the introduction; all parts of the
essay are linked clearly to the thesis; topic sentences
in every paragraph; transitions between them; guide
your reader throughout with a clear structure; your
essay should contain hard evidence—concrete
examples from the text and your research materials
should you rely upon any outside sources).

3 to 4 pages not including your Works Cited or
Bibliography page (on a separate page to the rest of
the paper).

Use MLA or another documenting system or style
that you are familiar with and wish to use (within
Humanities).

Include a Works Cited at the end of your assignment.

Your paper must include verbatim (word-for-word)
quotations from the material(s) that you are
analyzing without exception; if your paper does not
include verbatim quotations, you will receive a grade
of F for not having meant the standards of the
assignment.

Your analysis or topic is solely up to your own
discretion. For example, you may choose to write
your paper on symbols, character, comparison of
symbols, comparison of characters, etc.
DIRECTIONS
1.
Representations of Indigenous Peoples in Contemporary American Film—remember to
be specific—you cannot possibly address this topic fully in an essay around 4 pages.
Consider analyzing the representation of Johnny Depp’s Tonto, Taylor Lautner’s
depiction of Jacob Black, Tinsel Korey’s depiction of Emily Young
2.
Representations of Indigenous Peoples on Instagram—as above, you need to narrow
this to three images, such as Khloe Kardashian, Coachella’s headdress wearing
attendees, Ricky Martin wearing an Indigenous headdress, Alessandra Ambrosio, Janet
Gretzky’s photo on Instagram of her daughter and her daughter’s friends’ headdress
attire, and etc.
3.
Representations of Indigenous Peoples within social media—again, this is a broad topic
that must be narrowed down—considered analyzing three instances, such as the
California Math Teacher that was suspended after she performed Sohcahtoa (a
mnemonic device to remember trigonometric functions) Dance, Joseph Boyden (you
could, quite honestly, write your entire paper on Boyden and his controversy) if you
wanted to just look at the twitter backlash #boydentriesit as part of your essay that
may work, mascots (again, you could write your entire paper on mascots or just a
section).
4.
Representations of Indigenous Peoples in popular culture—again you will need to
narrow this topic. You might consider an entire paper on Joseph Boyden and his
controversy (or a portion), you could consider historical representations from the early
days of television (the first Tonto from 1950s American tv), you could consider Adam
Sandler’s questionable film The Ridiculous Six, and so on.
TOPICS
QUESTIONS
MLA
(Modern
Language
Association)
style formatting is often
used in various humanities
disciplines
• Typeface Times Roman
• Type size 12 point
• Do not justify the lines of your paper at the right margin
• Except for page numbers, leave margins of 1” at the top and bottom and on
both sides of the text
• Indent the first word of a paragraph one-half inch (or five spaces) from the left
margin
SETTING UP
YOUR
PAPER
• Your paper must be double-spaced throughout, including quotations, notes, and
the list of works cited.
• No extra spaces between any part of the essay.
• Do not use a title page
• Instead, begin one inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left
margin –
• Type your name
• Your professor’s name
• The course and its number
• The date
• If handing in a hard copy,
• Use only white, 8 ½-by-11-inch paper
• Use a high-quality printer
• Print on one side of the paper only
• Keep a backup copy of your paper
Your first page
should look
like this …
MLA
• Center the title of your paper
• Do not underline your title or put it in quotation
marks or type it in all capital letters
• Number all pages consecutively throughout the
research paper in the upper right-hand corner,
one-half inch from the top and flush with the
right margin
• Type your last name before the page number
• I suggest for ease you use your “header”
function within your word-processor
• When you hand-in your paper ensure that it is
stapled securely
QUESTIONS
CREATING A
TITLE FOR
YOUR WORK
• Consider the title of your
essay in two parts separated
by a colon (:).
• The first section of the title
should consist of a hook;
something to grab your
reader’s attention.
• The second section of the title
should consist of a telling, a
description, along with a
reference to the material your
essay will consider.
• Imagine you were writing
a paper on road rage,
which title may work the
best?
• Road Rage
• Can’t Drive 55
• Road Rage: Curing Our
Highway Epidemic
MOST TITLES

• Most titles in the Humanities
consist of a hook or a pithy
bit followed by information
of some sort.
• The title’s sections—pithy bit
and information bit are
separated by a colon.
• What about …
• Surround Sound: The Text Takes
the Place of Paratext in Aislinn
Hunter’s A Peepshow with
Views of the Interior: Paratexts
• Loss of Language: Aislinn
Hunter’s A Peepshow with
Views of the Interior: Paratexts
and Nouning the World
• Resonance of Objects: The
Importance of Things in Aislinn
Hunter’s A Peepshow with
Views of the Interior: Paratexts
QUESTIONS
THE INTRODUCTORY
PARAGRAPH
• There are many ways to begin an
introduction (descriptive,
narrative, through using an
example, or integrating a
quotation from a source outside
of the material(s) that you’re
considering).
• However, your opening
paragraph should traditionally
close with a topic sentence
followed by a thesis statement.
TOPIC SENTENCE &
THESIS STATEMENT
• As you begin to formulate a
thesis for your essay, think about
the following distinction
between topic and thesis ―
• A topic is a general area of
inquiry
• A topic designates the general
subject of your essay
TOPIC SENTENCE
• Your topic sentence clearly
indicates to your audience what
the topic of your paper is, and it
will at times also indicate to your
reader the stand that you are
taking—the argument you’re
putting forth (but not always).
THESIS STATEMENT
• You will assert your main
idea in what is called the
thesis statement.
• Your thesis statement clearly
indicates to your audience
the three ways (normally)
that you will tackle this
topic.
INTRODUCTION WITH A
TOPIC & THESIS
• Popular culture is often overlooked by
scholars or critics as something that is utilized
for pleasure, escape, and enjoyment rather
than as something that comments upon society
or culture. Music videos like advertisements are
often easily dismissed as devices utilized to
engage and encourage the consumer. However,
Lana Del Rey’s official music video to her single,
“Ride” is a complex series of poetry, lyrics, and
images that romanticize inequities and appears
to offer if not a melancholic reading certainly a
nostalgic view of Americana that is upon
analysis far more troubling than either
melancholic or nostalgic.
• Released on the 25 September 2012, “Ride”
directed by Anthony Mandler and the song
cowritten between Del Rey and Justin Parker,
defies its romantic lens through its subject
matter.
• I suggest, the video insists upon an analysis
that reveals its portrayal of a young,
impoverished, Indigenous woman who
struggles (despite Del Rey’s and Mandler’s
preoccupation with romantic visions that
struggle to suggest otherwise) with inequities
predicated upon race, gender, and class.
BODY PARAGRAPHS
• Race
• Gender
• Class
QUESTIONS
WHEN TO USE
PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS
• When quoting a text
verbatim
• When summarizing facts &
ideas from a source
• When paraphrasing a source
PARENTHETICAL
CITATION
• In MLA documentation style, you
acknowledge your sources by keying brief
parenthetical citations in your text to an
alphabetical list of works that appears at
the end of the paper.
• The parenthetical citation that concludes
the following sentence is typical of MLA
style …
In-text citation
when the
author has not
been
mentioned …
“Notes of a Native Son” (1955), opens with a
declarative sentence: “On the 29th of July, in
1943, my father died” (Baldwin 50). The
author’s creative nonfiction or his essay
weaves his relationship with his father
alongside the troubles in Harlem alongside
the author’s relationship with his nation.
Rather than offering a solution, the author
appears to pose a concept or an idea: “The
first idea was acceptance, the acceptance,
totally without rancor, of life as it is, and men
as they are: in the light of this idea, it goes
without saying that injustice is a
commonplace” (Baldwin 70).
In-text citation
when the
author has
been
mentioned …
In “Notes of a Native Son” (1955), James
Baldwin opens with a declarative sentence:
“On the 29th of July, in 1943, my father died”
(50). Baldwin’s creative nonfiction or his essay
weaves his relationship with his father
alongside the troubles in Harlem alongside
Baldwin’s relationship with his nation. Rather
than offering a solution, Baldwin appears to
pose a concept or an idea: “The first idea was
acceptance, the acceptance, totally without
rancor, of life as it is, and men as they are: in
the light of this idea, it goes without saying
that injustice is a commonplace” (70).
• A citation in MLA style contains only
enough information to enable readers to
find the source in the works-cited list.
• If the author’s name is mentioned in the
text, only the page number appears in the
citation.
• For the in-text citation used from
Baldwin’s creative nonfiction article
“Notes of a Native Son” the works cited
would look like …
Works Cited
Baldwin, James. “Notes of a Native Son.”
1955. 50 Essays: A Portable Anthology.
Fourth Edition. Ed. Samuel Cohen. New
York: St. Martin’s, 2011: (50-71). Print.
WHEN
SUMMARIZING
FACTS AND IDEAS
FROM A SOURCE
(OR
PARAPHRASING):
• It was the spring in 1963 when Martin
Luther King Jr. was arrested in
Birmingham, Alabama during a
demonstration that he organized (“Martin
Luther King Jr.” n. pag.). While in the
Birmingham jail, “King was personally
criticized by black and white clergy alike
for taking risks and endangering the
children who attended the
demonstration” (“Martin Luther King Jr.”
n. pag.). It was during this time-period
while in the Birmingham jail that King
wrote “Letter from Birmingham Jail”
(1963).
Works Cited
“Martin Luther King Jr.” Bio. A&E Television
Networks, 2015. Web. 15 January 2015.
FORMAT OF
THE LIST OF
WORKS CITED
• The works cited appears at the end of the paper
• Begin the list on a new page and number each
page, continuing the page numbers of the text
• For example, if the text of your research paper
ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on
page 11
• Centre the title: Works Cited
• Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an
entry runs more than one line, indent the
subsequent line or lines one-half inch (or five
spaces from the left margin)
• Alphabetize entries in the list of works cited by
the author’s last name
QUESTIONS
CONCLUSION
• The conclusion will often
reiterate some of the points
in the first paragraph—
reminding your reader what
you set out to do, how you
set out to do it, and closing
with how you were
successful in proving,
discussing, arguing,
comparing, etc.
QUESTIONS
WRITING A
UNIVERSITY
ESSAY—
• What may be new to the
students is the
expectation that the
essay should be, above
all, an exercise in
thinking.
• The purpose of an essay
is to examine and
interpret a body of
material.
• The essay will usually
examine the why and
how of the subject.
COMMON ERRORS
IN
UNDERGRADUATE
PAPERS
• Wandering Away from your
Primary Material
• Ensure that your essay
remains on track
• Do not stray from your
material
• Root yourself within the
material
• Wandering Away from
your topic or thesis
• Ensure that you do
not leave your topic
or thesis behind
COMMON
GRAMMATICAL
ERRORS
• ALWAYS READ & RE-READ
YOUR ESSAY
• Run-ons
• Fragments
• Spelling and/or typos
• WATCH FOR ERRORS, WHICH
YOU CAN EASILY CATCH
• Does your sentence go on
for four or more lines?
Why?
• Does your sentence have
a subject, a noun, and a
verb?
• Are you spelling the
names of authors and
places correctly?
• Watch typographical
errors that your computer
program will not catch
(there, their, they’re or
two, too, to)
COMMON
ERRORS IN
PUNCTUATION
• Semi-colons
• A semi-colon separates
a long list of words
which also contain
commas to enable the
read to follow the
sentence easily
• A semi-colon separates
two complete sentences
that are linked by
thought or theme
• Apostrophes
• Contractions are not
permissible in
academic papers DO
NOT use them (can’t,
won’t, isn’t)
• Ensure you are using
possessives and
plurals correctly (the
boy’s hat, the boys’
hats, the baby’s bib,
the babies’ bibs)
AVOID
• Blanket statements

The Hells Angels Motorcycle Club is dangerous
and violent.
• Generalizations

Lana Del Rey’s “Ride” relies upon a questionable
depiction of bikers as outlaws, as living within
the margins of society, and as affectionate and
caring towards young women.

Lana Del Rey masters the use of symbols, and
her references to wavering cigarette smoke,
majestic war bonnets, and the American flag
resound throughout her thought-provoking
video.

The gut-wrenching tragedy of the young, broken,
Indigenous woman as portrayed by Lana Del Rey
in “Ride” reverberates throughout her official
music video from 2012. Indeed, we can still see
her pensive sadness as she wraps herself in the
symbol of her country.

Is Lana Del Rey aware that her music video
“Ride” (Anthony Mendler, director) suggests that
cigarettes, cheap beer, riding on the back of a
Harley Davidson with a washed-up old guy is
romanticized?
• Comments that are more
suitable for a book review
• Melodramatic sentiments
and/or statements
• Open-ended questions that
you will not or cannot
answer
CONSIDER
• General Statement
• Lana Del Rey’s “Ride”
(2012) is about bad
choices.
• What about?
• Lana Del Rey’s official
music video “Ride” (2012)
exposes a romantic vision
of inequities between
men and women
especially between older
men and young women
implying young,
Indigenous women have
choices rather than a
marked imbalance based
upon intergenerational
trauma, physical and
sexual abuse, mental and
emotional abuse, and
poverty.
REMEMBER
The purpose of your essay is to examine
and interpret a body of material
QUESTIONS
NEXT WEEK
(REMOTE)
Research Essay Assignment is
due 14 April 2100 (9PM) | 30%

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