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You are a first-year graduate student. You are taking a graduate course on research and writing. In this assignment, your professor has asked you to revise one of your papers based on feedback your received.
Revise one of the papers who have written for your professor in this course. Be sure to incorporate your instructor’s feedback.
Deliverable 4 – Create a Draft of an Introduction Section for a Research Paper
HSA5000CBE Section 01CBE Scholarly Research and Writing
Create a title that best represents the content of your paper.
Introduction Section of a Research Paper
Radiation exposure has been one of the main problems facing us today. The general
population has an average radiation dosage of 2.5 mSv per year, accounting for roughly 15% of the
total radiation exposure (Algohani, et al., 2018 pg3). CT scanning has led to an increase in medical
exposure during the last two decades. However, 20% of medical exposures are clinically harmful.
The field of radiology is a vital one in modern medicine. According to the National Council on
Radiological Protection and Diagnostics’ 2010 research, “Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the US
population,” the general public’s radiation exposure has increased sevenfold since the early 1980s
(Khaled, et al., 2018). On the one hand, there is a great deal of concern about long-term health
impacts like cancer because there is no known safe dosage and adverse effects may take up to two
centuries to manifest. Radiation dose and danger linked with radiological exams are poorly
understood. Different studies have been carried out, with most participants being radiology staff.
Still, there is a lack awareness of the risks of radiation exposure to non-radiology staff. This paper
addresses the question about radiation awareness and lack of radiation exposure knowledge among
Training for radiologists and radiographers is comprehensive, but non-radiologists are only
required to complete a radiation safety course to get a certificate of core knowledge. The legislative
document specifies what constitutes core knowledge. Radiation physics, biology, dose reduction
techniques, and radiation safety are all covered in this course of study. Radiation doses connected
with many radiological operations are underestimated by non-radiologists, regardless of whether or
not they have taken a core of information class. Therefore, this research question is critical because
Improved opening sentence.
by posing the question: [add research question here]
, p. 3).
people face today.
it illustrates the effects of a lack of knowledge about the relative radiation doses of radiographical
procedures for non-clinicians (Alotaibi, & Muhyi, 2019).
There are various gaps in the previous studies regarding this issue. According to Hobbs, et
al., (2018), there is a lack of knowledge about the radiation dose and danger connected with
radiological exams. Researchers from various specialities, medical students, interns, and general
practitioners have participated in many researches, but the non-radiology staff has not been fully
educated about the dangers of radiation. Therefore, my research study will look at the non-
radiology staff and the dangers they are in due to a lack of knowledge about radiation exposure.
My study results indicate overall poor knowledge of radiation dose and risk among
radiology residents, fellows, staff radiologists, and technologists of the Department of Medical
Imaging. This is not different from many prior publications showing similar results among medical
students, interns, and physicians of various non-radiological specialties. To the best of my
knowledge, no research has been performed exclusively among radiology workers. The lack of
large studies of radiation knowledge among radiology workers could be because radiation dose and
risks are part of their learning curriculum, and the assumption is that they would be experts in
different aspects of radiation. The physicians need to have sufficient knowledge of radiation risks,
as they would be the ones requesting a radiology examination in the first place. However,
radiologists are expected to have a wider and deeper knowledge of various aspects of medical
radiation exposure and should be available to guide physicians in choosing an appropriate imaging
modality that would provide the optimal answer to the clinical question with minimal radiation
The study will consist of an interview designed to better understand participant knowledge gaps and training needs.
As a result of this study, I will gain a better understanding of how non-radiology personnel
misunderstand the risks patients face from radiation exposure during routine imaging procedures
and how they fail to address common patient concerns effectively. Recommending doctors are the
ones who initially seek testing; therefore, they must know enough about radiation to do so safely.
This study is critical because it entails reducing the harmful biological effects of ionizing radiation
during medical tests to the absolute minimum. Public health initiatives may aim to improve the
quality of radiology treatment or reduce exposure to risk factors like ionizing radiation.
Radiologists and radiobiologists may work together to get the data they need to practice evidence-
based medicine, a cornerstone of modern medicine. I believe that our institution is not alone in this
battle and unfortunately currently there are no published data on radiation knowledge to compare
with other teaching institutions in North America.
I am trying to enforce the recommendations of the American College of Radiology blue
ribbon panel, which includes improving medical physics training during residency, including
radiation safety topics in exit examinations, regular in-service training for technologists on
radiation safety, which we are currently conducting every three months, and advanced training of
selected enthusiastic technologists who can impart periodic training to other staff (Amis ES Jr, &
Butler PF, 2012). Periodic continuous medical educational (CME) activities are recommended
among radiology workers (Niemann, et al., 2012), and we are working to make this mandatory for
all, including the staff radiologists irrespective of subspecialties, to update themselves on radiation
dosage and risks and provide the evidence of acquired CME credits.
Medical educational activities could help in providing optimal usage of imaging resources
and minimize the unpredictable and unavoidable risk of cancer, albeit very small. Pre- and post-
the hospital is working holistically
the institution is
educational session assessments can be performed to assess improvement in these endeavors. Other
measures such as including the patient’s total radiation exposure in the imaging report, and
including the radiation dosages in the radiology request forms could also create greater awareness
among physicians and 5 patients, and potentially reduce the injudicious usage of imaging, although
this needs extensive discussion among physicians and patients for ethical concerns and practical
difficulties. This study is critical because it entails reducing the harmful biological effects of
ionizing radiation during medical tests to the absolute minimum. Public health initiatives may aim
to improve the quality of radiology treatment or reduce exposure to risk factors like ionizing
radiation. Radiologists and radiobiologists may work together to get the data they need to practice
evidence-based medicine, a cornerstone of modern medicine.
Algohani, K. A., Aldahhasi, A. A., Algarni, A. H., Amrain, K. Y., & Marouf, M. A. (2018).
Awareness of radiation protection measures among radiologists and non-radiologists. The
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 70(3), 371-375.
to ensure patient and personal safety.
Alotaibi, A. E., & Muhyi, N. A. (2019). Assessing the radiation protection knowledge among non-
radiologists. Surgery, 69, 57-5.
Amis ES Jr, Butler PF (2012) ACR white paper on radiation dose in medicine: three years later. J
Am Coll Radiol 7(11):865–870
Hobbs, J. B., Goldstein, N., Lind, K. E., Elder, D., Dodd III, G. D., & Borgstede, J. P. (2018).
Physician knowledge of radiation exposure and risk in medical imaging. Journal of the
American College of Radiology, 15(1), 34-43.
Khaled, A., Ali, A., Abdullah, A., Khaled, A., & Majed, M. (2018). Awareness of radiation
protection measures among radiologists and non-radiologists.
Niemann T, Nicolas G, Roser HW, Muller-Brand J, Bongartz G (2012) Imaging for suspected
pulmonary embolism in pregnancy-what about the fetal dose? A comprehensive review of
the literature. Insights Imaging 1(5–6):361–37
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