Troy University W9 Never Have I Ever Discussion

1. Based on Week #7 content, consider a film you watched in the past year that reflected current concerns, trends, or attitudes mentioned in the reading. What film was it, and does it/did it shape cultural attitudes or bring about social change? What change?

2. Summarize your Final project or paper for the class in three sentences here. Readers, please make sure to review all the creative research done by the class!

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3. If you had to pick one week during this term that stood out the most to you in terms of content, which week would you pick and why? You have Weeks 1 through 7 from which to choose.…

Note:To question # 3. I will pick week 5.…

Intro to Com:
Motion Pictures
Cultural Considerations
Movies Mirror
• “America’s storytellers” to reflect ideologies of
the times
• 1915 -Birth of a Nation captured social and
cultural tension
• 1940s – Hollywood helped with war effort
propaganda when needed
• 1960s – a youth counterculture movement is
featured in Hollywood, like Bonnie and Clyde
featured in slide>>
• ^^ This brought about MPAA Rating system
Zoomed in on
following slides
• When we cannot agree
on a tangible or
intangible resource
• Intangible conflict – STLC
• Tangible conflict negotiation
• The less you have, the
more valuable it is.
MPAA Ratings
• Originally a moral code
• Movies are “protected” freedom of
• As such, ratings are not approval /
disapproval or evaluating if the
movie is good or bad
• Simply identifying content to alert
audience to the movie content
• Critics dislike ratings as censorship
and call for “freeing the screen”
Films mentioned in reading:
• Matrix
• Star Wars
• Kite Runner
• Super Size Me
• Bowling for Columbine
• Fahrenheit 9/11
• These films speak to American culture of individualism, activism, social issues,
and health-related concerns.
A Decade of Diversity?
• Do you consider diversity when
choosing films?
• “The Academy” – who are they?
• Critics question who is getting the
push for attention. Is it just about
who has money?
• Perhaps nominations are a
reflection of lack of diversity in
Hollywood workers and producers
• Academy is obligated to help
viewers expand horizons
• Some of you wrote about influencers and what is trending on social.
• Recently, Will Smith was trending for his interaction with Chris Rock.
• This interaction occurred at the Oscars 2022.
• Some are accusing the Academy of “planting” this interaction for
attention after years of lack of diversity, accusations of unfairness,
and low ratings.
• Will Smith’s approval ratings have plunged since the incident, and he
has accepted sanctions.
• Let’s go to the discussion post to address these thoughts!
Final Project Questions
• Please review the sample PDF documents.
• For videos – your must not send me a link marked as Private.
• I cannot view links that are password protected. See assignment for more
• The script should include your bibliography at the end, as I need to ensure
you did research!
• For papers – the word count does NOT include the bibliography.
• The headings are Introduction, Analysis, and Conclusion.
• Due May 9 on Canvas.
A complete breakdown of the Oscars diversity problem over the past decade
Jacob Sarkisian
Feb 2, 2021, 8:00 AM
In the top categories, 89% of nominations went to white people and 71.1% of nods went to men.
Insider found. Andrew H. Walker/Getty Images; Samantha Lee/Insider

Insider analyzed the Oscar nominations of the past decade, focusing on race and

In the top categories, 89% of nominations went to white people, Insider found.

And 71.1% of nominations went to men.
#OscarsSoWhite was birthed in 2015 after nominations for the Academy of Motion Picture Arts
and Sciences failed to include any people of color in the top four acting categories.
Since then, the Academy’s nomination process each year has been met with increasing scrutiny
with many observers saying its diversity problem isn’t only about race. It’s also about how the
Academy has made it difficult for women to be recognized.
The Academy, made up of over 9,000 professionals working in the film industry, gives out
awards every year to the best movies, performances, and behind the scenes work across the
industry. Its goal, according to the organization, is to advance and “uphold excellence” within
the motion picture industry.
But the Academy has done such a poor job of being inclusive while rewarding excellence that
even presenters have started sounding off. After announcing the Oscar nods last year, Issa Rae
said dryly, “Congratulations to those men,” referring to the omission of women in the bestdirecting category, despite another strong year for female filmmakers.
Rae was picking up on another horror stat for the Academy: Only five women have ever been
nominated for the best-director Oscar, with just one winning — Kathryn Bigelow, for “The Hurt
Insider analyzed the Oscar nominations of the past decade and examined several top
categories to see how pervasive the Academy’s diversity problem has been regarding race and
What we found isn’t surprising to critics: Most often the Oscar goes to a white man.
89% of nominations in the past decade went to white people
When Insider looked at the nominations across best picture, best director, the top four acting
categories, and the two writing categories (original screenplay and adapted screenplay), we
found that the gap between the number of nominations given to white people compared to
people of color has closed in the past four years compared to the previous six.
But Oscar nods were still overwhelmingly white. Only 6.3% of nominations went to Black
creatives, while 2.6% went to Latinx people and 1.4% went to Asian people.
Another way to look at how bad the Academy is at diversity: Over the past decade, it gave 74
total nominations to people of color. In 2011 alone, it gave 72 nominations to white creatives.
Awards expert Paul Sheehan, the executive editor of Gold Derby, told Insider these statistics
were unsurprising since “the kind of movies that get awards pushes are made by white
filmmakers starring white actors.”
Still, 2020 marked a turning point for Asian creatives.
For the first time, there were more wins given to an underrepresented group than there were to
white people. There were more wins given to Asian people than there were given to white
people, thanks to Bong Joon-ho and his film “Parasite,” which won best picture.
Bong won three Oscars in the top eight categories analyzed, with a cowriter (Han Jin-won) and
coproducer (Kwak Sin-ae) also picking up wins in original screenplay and best picture.
Last year was also a groundbreaking year for Māori filmmaker, Taika Waititi, who earned
nominations for adapted screenplay and best picture for “Jojo Rabbit,” winning in the former
category. His producer, Chelsea Winstanley, who is also Māori, was also nominated for best
picture for the same film.
28.8% of the nominations in the top categories went to women
After analyzing the same top eight categories, Insider found that of 679 nominations, 71.1%
went to men. It means that men racked up more than twice as many nods compared to women.
Further, men won three times as often as women.
Nine of the past 10 ceremonies saw twice as many nominations go to men, with 2011 and 2015
showing the largest gaps.
The gap between nominations given to men and nominations given to women appears to be
closing, but only slightly. It’s a similar story when it comes to wins.
Of course the top four acting categories — best actor, best supporting actor, best actress, and
best supporting actress — are already split up by gender, meaning there will be 10 male and 10
female acting nominees every year.
But if the acting categories were genderless, as are all the other categories, would as many
women have been nominated? Or would the categories be as male-leaning as the other abovethe-line categories are?
If we let the data help us make the conclusion, the answer doesn’t look good for women.
Sheehan told Insider that these statistics are surprising but not shocking.
“Women are not only outnumbered in the Academy but also in the profession,” he said. “The
Academy really just reflects how few women work in fields other than the traditional female ones
— costume, hair and makeup, et cetera.”
Sheehan said that since the Academy is recruiting more women and people of color into its
ranks, we will eventually see a change in these figures. But it will take time.
(Note that each nomination is counted rather than each person. For example, Bong is counted
once for each nomination rather than just once for himself.)
There’s hope that diversity is improving
While the data paints a disturbing picture for the Academy’s inclusivity over the years, pointing
out such issues appears to have led to some change.
Five of the eight total best-director nominations given to Latinx filmmakers have come in the
past decade. Four of the six best-director nods given to Black filmmakers also came in the past
decade (Steve McQueen, Barry Jenkins, Jordan Peele, and Spike Lee), though none have won
the award.
Sheehan said he believed that this decade has improved, particularly in the past five years,
because the Academy membership “got woke.”
“The mirror was held up to them and they didn’t like what they saw. They started to recalibrate
what in their world was worthy of an Oscar,” Sheehan said. “‘Parasite’ is a great example where
they kind of went, ‘Yeah, that is a good movie.’ Before they would’ve just relegated it to
international feature.”
Another awards expert, Erik Anderson, the founder of Awards Watch, agreed. He said he
believed the Academy was “getting better.”
“In four years we had ‘Moonlight,’ ‘The Shape of Water,’ ‘Green Book,’ and ‘Parasite’ as bestpicture winners. Only ‘Green Book’ represents the regressive type of win that used to be
common, but the other three represent a new, robust, and daring Academy,” Anderson said.
The Academy’s chief operating officer, Christine Simmons, said it’s dedicated to creating lasting
change and already making meaningful strides, including inviting a more diverse collection of
filmmakers to join them.
Women made up 45% of last year’s intake. Thirty-six percent of new Academy members were
from underrepresented ethnic groups, and 49% were international.
“We’re trying to undo centuries of societal oppression,” Simmons added.
“12 Years a Slave,” “Moonlight,” “The Shape of Water,” and “Parasite” are the four best-picture
winners of the past decade directed by people of color. Fox Searchlight Pictures/Entertainment
One Films/Summit Entertainment/A24/Fox Searchlight Pictures/CJ Entertainment/Neon
But the Academy’s most meaningful stride is the set of inclusion standards that a movie needs
to meet to be eligible for a best-picture nomination. The rules say that a movie must meet two of
four criteria — having cast members and crew from minority groups. The film must also feature
story lines or themes centered on those from underrepresented groups.
Some critics lament this new standard, arguing that it could lead to a reduction in quality, while
others argue that these standards could be met too easily. Time will tell if these steps lead to a
substantial change.
Simmons used her previous role as leader of a women’s basketball team to make a point about
how representation doesn’t just benefit the ones being represented.
This past decade has seen seven best-director wins go to people of color, but only one
nomination for the award has gone to a woman — Greta Gerwig. FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP
via Getty Images/Frazer Harrison/Getty Images/Steve Granitz/WireImage
“What we used to talk about a lot was that it’s not only about empowering women. It’s about also
inviting men to what women can do,” she said. “Take out women and men, put in Black and
white, put in gay or straight, whatever it is. It’s empowering that individual and then enlightening
the others to what is outside of their experience.”
Better representation is definitely a welcome relief for movie lovers beginning to see themselves
on-screen for the first time after being on the fringes of cinema, at best.
But, Anderson added, whether they realize it yet or not, it’s more vital for those who’ve always
been able to see themselves on the big screen.
“Films show me a world that I know very little about and expand my horizons and understanding
of them,” he said. “There simply isn’t a better reason to encourage and celebrate diversity in onscreen representation.”
This story is part of Insider’s State of Hollywood digital series, which details how the $100 billion
entertainment industry shifted in 2020.

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